## Basic Rules

• For a curve y = f(x), dy/dx represents the gradient function of the tangent to the curve at a point x.
• dy/dx measures the rate of change of y with respect to x.
• The derivative of f(x) = x r where r is a constant real number is given by

f '(x) = r x r - 1
• Example
• f(x) = 3x 3 ,

f '(x) = 9 x 2
A. Sum Rule

The derivative of f(x) = g(x) + h(x) is given by

f '(x) = g '(x) + h '(x)

B. Difference Rule

The derivative of f(x) = g(x) - h(x) is given by

f '(x) = g '(x) - h '(x)

C. Product Rule

E. Chain Rule

F. More complex differentiation:

## Differentiation of trigo functions

#### Examples

1. Differentiate cos³x with respect to x.

Let y = cos³x
Let u = cos x
therefore y = u³

dy   =  3u²
du

du  =  -sin x
dx

dy  =  du  ×  dy
dx      dx       du

=  -sin x × 3u²
= -sin x × 3cos²x
= -3cos²x sin x

## Differentiation of exponential functions Examples

1. Differentiate y = ln2x

--> 2/2x = 1/x

2. Differentiate y = lnx2

y = lnx2 = 2lnx
dy/dx = 2/x

3. Differentiate y = 2 ln (3x2 − 1)

dy/dx = 12/(3x2 - 1)

4. Differentiate y = ln(1 2x)3 = 3ln(1 - 2x)

dy/dx = -6/(1 - 2x)

If u is a function of x, we can obtain the derivative of an expression in the form eu:

#### Examples

1. Find the derivative of y = 103x:
2. Find the derivative of 3. Find the derivative of y = sin(e3x).
4. Find the derivative of y = esin x.

5. Find the derivative of We let u = ln 2x and v = e2x + 2, and we'll use the derivative of a quotient formula u = ln 2x = ln 2 + ln x

And for v = e2x + 2 we have:

Apply Quotient rule: Using the derivatives we just found for u and v gives: simplify...

Finally... 6. Find the derivative of ### 7. Find the derivative of Let then y = u3.

So and So 1.