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Essay Writing

Thanks to Shahzeb for contributing the notes!

Useful Expressions for Essay Writing

Introduction

  • first of all
  • to begin with
  • in order to decide whether.... or not
  • to outline the main points
  • firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally / eventually 

Enumerating arguments

  • in addition to
  • additionally 
  • besides
  • moreover
  • furthermore
  • above all

Weighing arguments

  • on one hand..... on the other hand
  • to consider the advantages and disadvantages 
  • arguments for and against
  • to discuss the pros and cons
  • in theory ... in reality
  • both... and....
  • not only ... but also
  • anyway / at any rate / in any case
  • in fact / actually / as a matter of fact
  • up to a point
  • so to speak
  • by no means / not at all 

Making comparisons

  • compared to / in comparison with
  • to draw / make a comparison between ...and 
  • similarly
  • as well as 

Restrictions

  • however / though
  • nevertheless
  • whereas
  • although / though / even though 
  • in spite of / despite
  • unlike
  • in contrast to / with something 
  • on the contrary
  • something is contrary to something 

Refering to

  • with reference to
  • regarding
  • as regards
  • as far as ... is concerned
  • according to (according to is used to introduce someone else's opinion. Don't say "according to me") 

Emphasizing

  • I’d like to point out that 
  • I’d like to emphasize 

Generalizing

  • on the whole
  • in general / generally speaking
  • as a rule
  • to some extent
  • to a large extent / to what extent ? 
  • in many ways
  • in all respects
  • in most / many cases
  • basically 

Giving examples

  • for example / for instance
  • such as / including
  • in particular / particularly
  • to give you an example of what I mean 
  • to illustrate this point
  • what I mean is
  • et cetera / and so on / and so forth 
  • that is to say / i.e 

Making exceptions

  • apart from
  • except
  • with the exception of 

Giving reasons

  • because
  • as / since
  • because of
  • the reason for this is
  • the reason why
  • for some reasons or another
  • I have every reason to believe that 

Consequences

  • therefore
  • consequently / as a result
  • for this reason / all these reasons 

Personal point of view

  • I think that
  • in my opinion/ in my view / to my mind 
  • this is a matter of opinion
  • in my experience
  • as far as I know
  • as far as I am concerned
  • to be aware / unaware of a problem 
  • to tell the truth
  • the fact is that
  • I am convinced that
  • I firmly believe that
  • I feel something should be done about that 

Agreeing

  • I entirely / absolutely agree with 
  • that’s exactly my own view
  • I’m of exactly the same opinion 
  • that’s perfectly true
  • I’d like to support this view 

Disagreeing

  • I partly disagree with
  • I don’t entirely agree with
  • I agree in principle, but
  • That’s not the way I see it
  • I see things rather differently myself 
  • I’m not at all convinced that
  • I’m not absolutely sure 

Interest, Plans, Intentions

  • to be interested in something / in doing something 
  • It interests me a lot
  • My main / particular interest is
  • I have the intention of doing
  • I am prepared to do something
  • I am determined to do something 
  • I’m planning to do something
  • I’m very keen on doing something 

Lack of interest

  • I find ... rather uninteresting / boring 
  • I don’t take any interest in
  • It’s all the same to me whether
  • It means nothing to me 

Summarizing and drawing conclusions

  • finally
  • last of all
  • last but not least
  • in conclusion / to conclude
  • we can draw the conclusion
  • to sum up / to summarize we can say
  • all in all
  • in short / in brief / briefly
  • all things considered
  • the subject under discussion
  • I find it difficult to reach a conclusion but I’m tempted to say 

Modifying adverbs

  • totally / entirely / completely 
  • mostly / mainly / chiefly 
  • partly
  • comparatively / relatively 
  • extremely / incredibly 
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