|No.||Word ||Meaning ||Sentence|
| 1||rapprochement ||an establishment or reestablishment of harmonious relations||a rapprochement reached between warring factions. |
| 2||panache||a grand or flamboyant manner||which the latter practised with such panache|
| 3||lampooned||to mock or ridicule||to lampoon important leaders in the government|
| 4||bouffant||puffed out||bouffant hairdo|
| 5||visceral||characterized by or proceeding from instinct rather than intellect||a visceral reaction|
harboured a visceral enmity towards it
| 6||cock a snook||A derisive gesture||cocked a snook at the world's sole superpower|
| 7||reprehensible||deserving of reproof, rebuke, or censure; blameworthy||His methods were reprehensible|
| 8||torrid||ardent; passionate|
oppressively hot, parching, or burning, as climate, weather, or air
|a torrid love story|
| 9||fester ||to become or cause to become bitter, irritated, etc, esp over a long period of time||resentment festered his imagination |
| 10||hue and cry||any public clamor, protest, or alarm||a general hue and cry against the war|
| 11||deplorable ||causing or being a subject for censure, reproach, or disapproval||This room is in deplorable order. |
You have deplorable manners!
| 12||obviate ||to anticipate and prevent or eliminate (difficulties, disadvantages, etc.) by effective measures; render unnecessary: ||to obviate the risk of serious injury|
| 13||downbeat ||gloomy or depressing; pessimistic||Hollywood movies seldom have downbeat endings. |
| 14||buffeted ||to strike against or push repeatedly|
to contend against; battle.
|The wind buffeted the house|
| 15||ballast ||anything that gives mental, moral, or political stability or steadiness||the ballast of a steady income|
| 16||bequeathed ||to hand down; pass on. ||She bequeathed her half of the company to her niece. |
| 17||languish||to lose vigor and vitality|
to undergo neglect or experience prolonged inactivity
to be subjected to delay or disregard
|to languish in prison for ten years|
a petition that languished on the warden's desk for a year
| 18||panoply ||a wide-ranging and impressive array or display||the dazzling panoply of the maharaja's procession|
the panoply of European history
| 19||stymie||a situation or problem presenting such difficulties as to discourage or defeat any attempt to deal with or resolve it||failure to do so has stymied this venture from the start |
| 20||abatement ||suppression or termination||abatement of a nuisance|
| 21||mantra||an often repeated word, formula, or phrase, often a truism||If I hear the “less is more” mantra one more time, I'll scream|
| 22||pertinent||pertaining or relating directly and significantly to the matter at hand; relevant||pertinent details. |
| 23||gripe||to complain naggingly or constantly; grumble|| |
| 24||volatile||changeable; mercurial; flighty||a volatile disposition|
| 25||unsettling||to vex or agitate the mind or emotions of; upset; render unstable||The quarrel unsettled her. |
Violence unsettled the government.
| 26||bracing||strengthening; invigorating||This mountain air is bracing. |
| 27||protracted||to draw out or lengthen, especially in time; extend the duration of; prolong|| |
a prolonged public dispute, debate, or contention; disputation concerning a matter of opinion.
| 29||culminate (in)||to reach the highest point, summit, or highest development|| |
| 30||frontiers|| |
the limit of knowledge or the most advanced achievement in a particular field
|the frontiers of physics |
| 31||enviable||worthy of envy, very desirable||an enviable position |
| 32||explicit||fully and clearly expressed or demonstrated; leaving nothing merely implied||explicit instructions; an explicit act of violence; explicit language|
epitome, image, prototype, substitution class
| 34||deceit||the act or practice of deceiving; concealment or distortion of the truth for the purpose of misleading; duplicity; fraud; cheating||Once she exposed their deceit, no one ever trusted them again. |
of, applicable to, or referring to all the members of a genus, class, group, or kind; general.
a generic term
| 36||elude||to avoid or escape by speed, cleverness, trickery, etc.; evade; to escape the understanding, perception, or appreciation of||to elude capture.|
The answer eludes me.
| 37||threshold|| a level or point at which something would happen, would cease to happen, or would take effect, become true|| |
| 38||polarise||to divide into sharply opposing factions, political groups, etc||The controversy has polarized voters into proabortion and antiabortion groups. |
| 39||populist||appealing to the interests or prejudices of ordinary people || |
| 40||meagre||deficient in quantity or quality; lacking fullness or richness; scanty; inadequate|| a meager salary|
| 41||allegations||an assertion made with little or no proof|| |
to involve; entangle
| 43||staple||a basic or necessary item of food ||She bought flour, sugar, salt, and other staples. |
| 44||manifestation||to make clear or evident to the eye or the understanding; show plainly||He manifested his approval with a hearty laugh |
| 45||waning||to decrease in strength, intensity, etc.||Her enthusiasm for the cause is waning.|
| 46||stave off||to prevent in time; forestall||He wasn't able to stave off bankruptcy. |
| 47||overhaul||to investigate or examine thoroughly for repair or revision||Next year we're going to overhaul the curriculum. |
to replace (one thing) by something else.
|the underlying cause of their discontent |
| 49||underlying||fundamental; basic|| |
| 50||understate||to state or represent less strongly or strikingly than the facts would bear out; set forth in restrained, moderate, or weak terms||The casualty lists understate the extent of the disaster. |
| 51||stagnate||to stop developing, growing, progressing, or advancing||My mind is stagnating from too much TV. |
(of a computer) to be restarted.
| 53||consensus||majority of opinion; |
general agreement or concord; harmony
|The consensus of the group was that they should meet twice a month. |
a state of perplexity or uncertainty, especially as to what to do; dilemma.
| 55||mediocre||not satisfactory; poor; inferior||Mediocre construction makes that building dangerous.|
| 56||obsolete||no longer in general use; fallen into disuse; of a discarded or outmoded type; out of date||an obsolete battleship. |
any system or practice that separates people according to race, caste, etc.
| 58||quagmire ||a situation from which extrication is very difficult||a quagmire of financial indebtedness. |
| 59||foster||to promote the growth or development of; further; encourage||to foster new ideas |
| 60||hinder||to cause delay, interruption, or difficulty in; hamper; impede||The storm hindered our progress. |
| 61||rigid||inflexible, strict, or severe||a rigid disciplinarian; rigid rules of social behavior. |
| 62||intransigent||a person who refuses to agree or compromise, as in politics.|| |
| 63||outright||complete or total; without restraint, reserve, or concealment; openly||an outright loss|
an outright refusal.
Tell me outright what's bothering you.
| 64||apparent||readily seen; exposed to sight; open to view; visible; capable of being easily perceived or understood||The crack in the wall was readily apparent.|
The solution to the problem was apparent to all.
to become milder; lessen in severity.
|to mitigate a punishment |
| 66||contentious||tending to argument or strife; quarrelsome; causing, involving, or characterized by argument or controversy||a contentious crew|
| 67||fundamental||serving as, or being an essential part of, a foundation or basis; basic; underlying||fundamental principles; the fundamental structure |
| 68||align||to bring into cooperation or agreement with a particular group, party, cause, etc||He aligned himself with the liberals. |
a settlement of differences by mutual concessions; an agreement reached by adjustment of conflicting or opposing claims, principles, etc., by reciprocal modification of demands.
|The conflicting parties agreed to compromise. |
| 70||backlash||a strong or violent reaction, as to some social or political change||a backlash of angry feeling among Southern conservatives within the party. |
| 71||accustomed||habituated; acclimated (usually followed by to)||accustomed to staying up late; accustomed to the noise of the subway |
| 72||whittle (away)||to reduce the amount of, as if by whittling; pare down; take away by degrees ||to whittle away one's inheritance.|
| 73||unleash||to abandon control of||to unleash his fury |
| 74||confined (to)||to enclose within bounds; limit or restrict ||Confine your efforts to finishing the book.|
| 75||derive (from)||to receive or obtain from a source or origin|| |
| 76||infighting||fighting between rivals, people closely associated, members of a group, etc|| |
an apparent probability of advancement, success, profit, etc.; the outlook for the future
|good business prospects. |
| 78||akin (to)||allied by nature; having the same properties||Something akin to vertigo was troubling her. |
devotee, fan, lover
|a movie buff|
| 80||unveil||to remove a veil or other covering from; display; reveal||The woman unveiled herself. |
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
| 82||blistering||very fast or rapid; very severe or intense.||a blistering pace. |
to recover, as from ill health or discouragement
| 84||perceive||to become aware of, know, or identify by means of the senses; to recognize, discern, envision, or understand||I perceived an object looming through the mist.|
This is a nice idea but I perceive difficulties in putting it into practice.
| 85||slighted||to treat (someone) with indifference; ignore, especially pointedly or contemptuously; snub|| to be slighted by society |
| 86||adequate||as much or as good as necessary for some requirement or purpose; fully sufficient, suitable, or fit||This car is adequate to our needs. adequate food for fifty people. |
| 87||wry|devious in course or purpose; misdirected; contrary; perverse.
to exist; continue in existence
| 89||nepotism ||favouritism shown to relatives or close friends by those with power or influence || |
| 90||bugbear|any source, real or imaginary, of needless fright or
fear; a persistent problem or source of annoyance.
damaging, prejudicial, prejudicious
|smoking can be detrimental to health |
the act or an instance of going, especially from an enclosed place.
|The flight crew is responsible for the safe egress of the passengers. |
| 93||flawed||characterized by flaws; having imperfections: || a flawed gem; a seriously flawed piece of work. |
| 94||supple||characterized by ease in bending; limber; lithe||supple movements |
| 95||enshrine||to cherish as sacred||The memory of our friendship will be enshrined in my heart. |
| 96||nebulous||hazy, vague, indistinct, or confused: a nebulous recollection of the meeting|| a nebulous distinction between pride and conceit|
| 97||nuts and bolts||the essential or basic aspects||to learn the nuts and bolts of a new job. |
| 98||turmoil||a state of great commotion, confusion, or disturbance; tumult; agitation; disquiet: ||mental turmoil caused by difficult decisions |
| 99||buttress|to support by a buttress; prop up.;
to give encouragement or support to (a person, plan, etc.)
| 100||inevitable||unable to be avoided, evaded, or escaped; certain; necessary;sure to occur, happen, or unalterable|| an inevitable conclusion|
The inevitable end of human life is death.
| 101||predicament||an unpleasantly difficult, perplexing, or dangerous situation||It was hard to make his friend understand his predicament. |
| 102||astonishment||overpowering wonder or surprise; amazement||He looked with astonishment at his friends. |
| 103||discredited||to injure the credit or reputation of; defame||an effort to discredit honest politicians. |
| 104||dominate||to tower above; overlook; overshadow; to rule over; govern; contro ||A tall pine dominated the landscape. |
| 105||landmark||a significant or historic event, juncture, achievement, etc ||The court decision stands as a landmark in constitutional law. |
| 106||flourish||to be in a vigorous state; thrive||a period in which art flourished. |
| 107||rapid||occurring within a short time; happening speedily||rapid growth|
a rapid worker
| 108||indefinitely||not clearly defined or determined; not precise or exact ||an indefinite boundary|
an indefinite date in the future.
| 109||sluggish||indisposed to action or exertion; lacking in energy; lazy; indolent; slow to act or respond: ||a sluggish disposition|
a sluggish car engine
| 110||fragile||easily broken, shattered, or damaged; delicate; brittle; frail||a fragile ceramic container|
a very fragile alliance.
| 111||rational||agreeable to reason; reasonable; sensible; having or exercising reason, sound judgment, or good sense||a rational plan for economic development.|
a calm and rational negotiator.
| 112||vast||of very great area or extent; immense; of very great size or proportions; huge; enormous||the vast reaches of outer space|
vast piles of rubble left in the wake of the war
| 113||at loggerheads||engaged in a disagreement or dispute; quarreling||They were at loggerheads over the distribution of funds. |
| 114||resent||to feel or show displeasure or indignation at (a person, act, remark, etc.) from a sense of injury or insult.|| |
| 115||austerity||austere quality; severity of manner, life, etc.; sternness||austerities of monastery life. |
| 116||prudence|caution with regard to practical matters; discretion;
provident care in the management of resources; economy; frugality.
| 117||contingency||a contingent event; a chance, accident, or possibility conditional on something uncertain||Nothing was left to contingency.|
He was prepared for every contingency.
| 118||dampen||to dull or deaden; depress||to dampen one's spirits |
| 119||dawdling||to waste time; idle; trifle; loiter||Stop dawdling and help me with these packages! |
| 120||errant ||deviating from the regular or proper course; erring; straying|| |